sg. with pl. referent
+by : household members : see s.v. ˀnšy bytˀ
with negative verb: no one
sg. emph. as a collective (w. plural agreement)
unspecified male person
Man, humanity (usually in the emphatic)
BA, Qum, Syr.
often in the absolute state (i.e., as a pronoun, even in Eastern Aramaic):
ܟܠ ܐܢܫ, ܟܠܢܫ : everyone : see s.v. klnš
ܠܐ ܐܢܫ : no one
after a descriptive term for a person: a certain
even after a feminine noun!
ܐܢܫ ܐܢܫ : each one
See also s.v. ˀyš, ˀynyš and note that the latter is not the same word as this. (Technically this word is a second millennium BCE back-formation from the plural of the segholate noun *ˀinš.)
Note in particular that the absolute form refers to "person, somone" whereas the determined form more generally to mankind (at least after OfA). See also s.v. br ˀnš, the more common usage.
See, too, discussions s.vv. ˀnšh, ˀnšy bytˀ, ˀynyš.
LS2: 65. DJPA: 66b. DJBA: 120a. Jastrow: 53.
Levy Ch-W: 1:43. Drower/Macuch: 24b. J. Payne-Smith: 22. Tal Sam: 51. DNWSI: 84.
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© The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon ©
Tue, 31 Mar 2015 17:57:03 -0400