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ˀnš, ˀnšˀ ((ˀĕ)nāš, (ˀĕ)nāšā) n.m. person, someone

  1 person, someone Com. --(a) inhabitant Com. (a.1) sg. with pl. referent BA. (a.2) +by : household members : see s.v. ˀnšy bytˀ , JLAtg. --(b) with negative verb: no one Com. --(c) sg. emph. as a collective (w. plural agreement) Syr. --(d) unspecified male person JBA.
  2 Man, humanity (usually in the emphatic) BA, Qum, JLAtg, Syr. --(a) people Syr. (a.1) sg. with pl. agreement Syr. --(b) some Syr. --(c) family, relatives Syr.
  3 often in the absolute state (i.e., as a pronoun, even in Eastern Aramaic): . --(a) anyone Com, . (a.1) ܟܠ ܐܢܫ‏, ܟܠܢܫ‏ : everyone : see s.v. klnš CPA, Syr. --(b) ܠܐ ܐܢܫ‏ : no one Syr. --(c) after a descriptive term for a person: a certain Syr. (c.1) even after a feminine noun! Syr. --(d) ܐܢܫ ܐܢܫ‏ : each one CPA, Syr.

   See also s.v. ˀyš, ˀynyš and note that the latter is not the same word as this. (Technically this word is a second millennium BCE back-formation from the plural of the segholate noun *ˀinš.)
Note in particular that the absolute form refers to "person, somone" whereas the determined form more generally to mankind (at least after OfA). See also s.v. br ˀnš, the more common usage.
See, too, discussions s.vv. ˀnšh, ˀnšy bytˀ, ˀynyš.

   LS2: 65[31]. DJPA: 66b. DJBA: 120a. Jastrow: 53. Levy Ch-W: 1:43. Drower/Macuch: 24b. J. Payne-Smith: 22. Tal Sam: 52. DNWSI: 84.

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Wed, 26 Apr 2017 06:29:04 -0400