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mdynh, mdyntˀ (mǝḏīnā, mǝḏīntā/mḏīttā) n.f. province; capital city

  1 province OfA, OfA, BA, Palm, JLAtg, Gal, PTA, CPA, Syr, LJLA. --(a) country Qum, JLAtg, Gal, JBA, LJLA. --(b) fig. : territory, region Sam.
  2 city Palm, Qum, Gal, Sam, Syr, JBA, Man, LJLA.

   NB: The semantic development is historically clearly from "province" to the large "capital" city of an administrative unit which can also be referred to by the same name/term, just as city-states in Antiquity were often called by the name of their capital city. In Christian times such a city would headquarter a bishop. A qryh is one of a number of large towns or villages within such a unit. A krk is somewhere in between, generally presupposing a surrounding wall. See, e.g., Jacob of Serough MemDan(Bedjan vol.2 #36) 102:17.

   LS2: 713[145]. DJPA: 291b. DJBA: 642b. Jastrow: 734. Levy Ch-W: 2:10. Drower/Macuch: 258a. J. Payne-Smith: 252. Tal Sam: 174. DNWSI: 597.

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Mon, 19 Feb 2018 13:06:14 -0500