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šwlṭn, šwlṭnˀ   (šulṭān, šulṭānā)   n.m.  power, rule
  BA שָלטָן


1  power, rule  Com. TgO Gen49:10 : לָא יְעִידֵי עָבֵיד שוּלטָן מִדְבֵית יְהוּדָה  may the one who exercises power not pass away from the house of Judah. TgJ Ez7:10 : צְמַח שֻלטָנָא הוֹפַע רִשעָא  power has sprouted, wickedness has appeared. P Je34:1 : wkwlhyn m̈lkwtˀ dˀrˁ šwlṭn ˀīdẖšwlṭn ˀīdẖ  all those kingdoms of the earth under his control. (a) authority  JLAtg, Syr. TgO Ex21:20 : וַאְרֵי יִמחֵי גְבַר יָת עַבדֵיה אוֹ יָת אַמתֵיה בְשוּלטָן  should a man strike his servant or maidservant having (full) authority. P Gn1:16 : nhyrˀ rbˀ lšwlṭnˀ dˀymmˀ  the great luminary for daytime authority. P Lk20:2 : šūlṭānāˀ hānāˀ . (a.1)  civil authority  Syr. MiS 471a:1 . P StDan(1)3:2 : wltr̈bdyˀ wltpẗyˀ wlkl šwlṭn mdyn̈tˀ . (b) office, function  Syr. P Num4:16 : wšwlṭnh dˀlyˁzr brh dˀhrwn khnˀ ̇̇̇ šlyṭ ˁl kwlh mšknˀ  Aaron the priest's son Eliezer's office was in charge of the entire tabernacle. (c) administrative region  PTA, Syr. TN Ex7:28 : ובכל שולטנך ובתנורך ובאצותך. (c.1)  byt šwlṭnˀ : idem. : see s.v.  PTA, Syr. (c.2)  diocese  Syr. Pel 11:14 . (d) right, ability, permission  Syr, JBAmb. TB 3:64.6 : lkl ˀnš bšwlṭnh symˀ  it has been given into every person’s power. Ps-Clem Recogs 3.210:5 : šwlṭnˀ hnˀ ˀšlm lhwn dnhwwn mdm dṣbyn  He granted them this right: to be whatever they want. JBABowl 101.1:5 : ותעבדין רעותי ושולטני  you must do my will and my permission. (d.1)  (philos.) free will  Syr. Ps-Clem Recogs 1.12:2 : mkyl dšwlṭnˀ hy dylkwṅ ˀw dtšmˁwn ˀw dlˀ tṭpyswn  therefore it is your free choice either to listen or not to be convinced.

2  ruler  Qumran, JLAtg, CPA, Sam, Syr. 4QEnGiantsb06.16 : שלטן שמיא לארעא נחת. TgJ Hab1:14 : כְרִחשָא דְלֵית שֻלטָן עֲלוֹהִי  like the vermin that has no ruler over him. P StDan(1)3:2 : wlkl šwlṭn mdyn̈tˀ . (a) people with authority, the authorities  PTA, JBAmb, JBAg. TN Gen40:20 : בגו שלטנוי /ביני עבדוי/. TN Gen41:38 : ואמר פרעה לשלטנוי. JBAmb2 116:6 : יתיב בשולטונא ובידינא  who sit in the administration or in the courthouse. SSHai 16a(21) : קא תפיס שולטנא למישקל מיניה  the authorities are forcing me to take it from him.

3  victory  Syr. PO5 722:12 .

4  fourth order of angels  Syr. Eph1:21 : lˁel men kulheyn ˀar̈ḵaws wšūlṭān̈eˀ . Col1:16 : ˀen mawṫḇeˀ̈̇ weˀn mār̈awāṯāˀ̇ weˀn ˀar̈ḵawṡ weˀn šūlṭāneˀ̈  be it seats, dominions, rulers, or powers.

The separate forms šulṭān, šālṭān and šilṭōn are quite confused in the sources.
  
Page refs. in other dictionaries: LS2: 1528[781]; DJPA: 540b; DJBA: 1119b; Jastrow: 1534; Drower/Macuch: 454b; Payne-Smith: 4179; J. Payne-Smith: 565; Tal Sam: 899a; Audo: 2:573; DCPA[Schulthess]: [207];

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Derivatives:

byt šwlṭnˀ (bēṯ šulṭānā) n.m.   dominion, area of rule
*šwlṭnh, šwlṭnytˀ (*šulṭānā, šulṭānīṯā) n.f.   ruler(f.), sultana
šwlṭnw, šwlṭnwtˀ (šulṭānū, šulṭānūṯā) n.f.   power

© The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon ©
Tue, 21 May 2024 05:49:52 -0400