CAL Bibliography for Orthography


Müller, D.H., "Glossen zum Corpus Inscriptionum Semiticarum II." WZKM 5 (1891): 1–8. Orthography

Driver, G.R., Semitic Writing. The Schweich Lectures of the British Academy . : , 1948. Orthography Nerab Stelae NipOstr AssOstr Pan BarRak.2

Spitaler, A., "Zur frage der Geminatendissimilation im Semitischen: zugleich ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Orthographie des Reichsaramäischen." Zeitschrift für indogermanische Forschungen 61 (1952-54): 257–66. Orthography

Rosenthal, Franz, "Review of Early Hebrew Orthography, by F. M. Cross and D. N. Freedman." JAOS 73 (1953): 46–47. Orthography

Sherman, M.E., "Systems of Hebrew and Aramaic Orthography: An Epigraphic History of the Use of Matres Lectionis in Non-biblical Texts to circa A.D. 135." Ph.D. diss., Harvard Univ.. (1966): . TAD D23.1 Orthography Sf BarRak.8 Nerab Stelae LionWts TADA1.1 ShFTI TADB1.1 Carp

Garbini, G., "Le matres lectionis e il vocalismo nell'aramaico antico." AION 29 (1969a): 8–15. Orthography

Bange, L.A., , A Study of the Use of Vowel-Letters in Alphabetic Consonantal Writing, . Munich: Verlag UNI-Druck, 1971. Pp. . Orthography Sf

Macuch, Rudolf, "The Origins of the Mandaeans and Their Script." JSS 16 (1971): 174–192. Mandaeans Orthography

Qimron, E., "[Initial [sic: Medial(!)] Alef as a Vowel in Hebrew and Aramaean Documents from Qumran Compared with Other Hebrew and Aramaean Sources]." Leš 39 (1974-1975): 133–46. Orthography Qumran

Boyarin, Daniel, "The Loss of Final Consonants in Babylonian Jewish Aramaic (BJA)." Afroasiatic Linguistics 3/5 (September) (1976): 103–7. JBA Orthography

Lemaire, André, "Abécédaires et exercices d'écolier en épigraphie nord-ouest sémitique." JA 266 (1978): 221–35. DA Orthography

Segert, S., "Vowel Letters in Early Aramaic." JNES 37 (1978): 111–14. Orthography

Kaufman, Stephen A., "The Pitfalls of Typology: On the Early History of the Alphabet." HUCA 57 (1986): 1–14. Fakhariyah Orthography

Andersen, F.I. and Freedman, D.N., "Aleph as a Vowel Letter in Old Aramaic." Pp. 3–14 In To Touch the Text: Biblical and Related Studies in Honor of Joseph A.Fitzmyer, S. J.. Horgan, M.P. and Kobelski, P.J., ed. New York: Crossroad, 1989. Orthography

Freedman, D.N. and Andersen, F.I., "The Spelling of Samaria Papyrus 1." Pp. 15–32 In To Touch the Text: Biblical Studies in Honor of Joseph A.Fitzmyer, S. J.. Horgan, M.P. and Kobelski, P.J., ed. New York: Crossroad, 1989. SamPap Orthography

Cook, Edward M., "The Orthography of Final Unstressed Long Vowels in Old and Imperial Aramaic." Pp. ( = Maarav 5–6) 53-67 In Sopher Mahir: Northwest Semitic Studies Presented to Stanislav Segert. Cook, Edward M., ed. Winona Lake, In.: Eisenbrauns, 1990. Orthography

Macuch, Rudolf, "Some Orthographic-Phonetic Problems of Ancient Aramaic and the Living Aramaic Pronunciation." Pp. (= Maarav 5–6) 221-37 In Sopher Mahir: Northwest Semitic Studies Presented to Stanislav Segert. Cook, Edward M., ed. : , 1990. Orthography

Freedman, D.N., Forbes, A.D. and Andersen, F.I., Studies in Hebrew and Aramaic Orthography. Biblical and Judaic Studies From the University of California, San Diego 2. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1992. Orthography

Briquel-Chatonnet, F., "Etude comparée de l'évolution del alphabèts judéen, israélite et phénicien." LOAPL (Langues Orientales Anciennes, Philologique et Linguistique) 4 (1993): 1–30. Orthography

Chelidze, M., "The Small Aramaic Inscriptions from the Village Zguderi," in Contini, R. and others, ed., Semitica. Serta philologica Constantio Tsereteli dicata. Turin: Zamorani, 1993. Pp. 15–22. Zguderi Orthography Paleography

Bohas, G., "La logique du signe vocalisateur mhagyānā et du signe accélérateur marṭānā dans la phonologie du syriaque: une approche de la structure s." Bulletin d’Études Orientales 51 (1999): 127–49. Syriac Grammar Orthography

Lipinski, Edward, "The Linguistic Geography of Syria in Iron Age II (c.100-600 B.C.)," in Bunnens, G., Essays on Syria in the Iron Age, Ancient Near Eastern Studies Supplement 7. Louvain - Paris - Sterling, Virginia: Peeters, 2000. Pp. 125–42. History Grammar Orthography

Fassberg, S.E., "Qumran Aramaic." MAARAV 9 (2002): 19–31. Orthography Grammar Qumran

Odisho, E.Y., "The Role of Aspiration in the Transliteration of Loanwords in Aramaic and Arabic," in Arnold, Werner and Bobzin, H., Sprich doch mit deinem Knechten aramäisch, wir verstehen es! Festschrift für Otto Jastrow zum 60. Geburtstag. (Weisbaden: Harrossowitz, 2002, . Weisbaden: Harrossowitz, 2002. Pp. 489–501. Grammar Orthography Loanwords

Rollston, C.A., "Non-Provenanced Epigraphs I: Pillaged Antiquities, Northwest Semitic Forgeries, and Protocols for Laboratory Tests." MAARAV 10 (2003): 135–93. Orthography Paleography

Zuckerman, B., "Pots and Alphabets: Refractions of Reflections on Typological Method." MAARAV 10 (2003): 89–133. Orthography

Tal, Abraham, "The So-called Cuthean Words in the Samaritan Aramaic Vocabulary." AS 2 (2004): 107–17. Samar Orthography

Häberl, C., "Iranian Scripts for Aramaic Languages." BASOR 341 (2006): 21–30. Orthography

Notarius, T., " ˁ€q(n)'wood' in the Aramaic Ostraca from Idumea: A Note on the Reflex of Proto-Semitic /ṣ̃/ in Imperial Aramaic." ArSt 4 (2006): 101–9. IdumeanOstraca HistGram ImpAram Orthography )( N

Kiraz, G.A., "Kthobonoyo Syriac: Some Observations and Remarks." Hugoye 10 (2007): 129–42. Syriac Orthography

Bertolino, R., Manuel d'épigraphie hatréenne. . Paris: , 2008. Hatran Orthography

Burtea, Bogdan, "Zue Entstehung der mandäischen Schrift: iranischer oder aramäischer Ursprung?," in Voigt, R., Und das Leben ist siegreich! And Life is Victorious, Mandäistische Forschungen 1. Wiesbaden: Harrasowitz, 2008. Pp. 47–62. Orthography Mandaic

Moriggi, Marco, "Varia epigraphica hatrena." Parthica 12 (2010): 69–79. Hatran Orthography

Nehmé, L., "A glimpse of the development of the Nabataean script into Arabic based on old and new epigraphic material," in Macdonald, M.C. A., The Development of Arabic as a Written Language. Oxford: Archaeopress, 2010. Pp. 47-88. Nabataean Orthography

Coakley, J.F., "When were the five Greek vowel-signs introduced into Syriac writing?." JSS 56 (2011): 307–25. Syriac Orthography

Vanderhooft, D.S., "ʾel-mĕdînâ ûmĕdînâ kiktābāh: Scribes and Scripts in Yehud and in Achaemenid Transeuphratene," in Lipschits, O.//et al., Judah and the Judeans in the Achaemenid Period: Negotiating Identity in an International Context. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2011. Pp. 529-44. Orthography ImpAram

Kiraz, G.A., Túrāṣ mamllā: a grammar of the Syriac language: Vol1 : Orthography. . Piscataway: Gorgias, 2012. Syriac Grammar Orthography

Coakley, J.F., "An Early Syriac Question Mark." Aramaic Studies 10 (2012): 193–213. Syriac Orthography

Kiraz, G.A., "Old Syriac graphotactics." JSS 57 (2012): 231–64. OS Syriac Orthography

Schattner-Rieser, Ursula, "Le phénomène de mutation des interdentales en araméen, ou la Quête de «la langue parfaite». De la réforme orthographique à l'époque perse à la différencion maxima," in Botta, Alejandro F., In the Shadow of Bezalel: Aramaic, Biblical, and Ancient Near Eastern Studies in Honor of Bezalel Porten, Library of Second Temple Studies 64 . Leiden: Brill, 2013. Pp. 183-202. Orthography ImpAram

Aufrecht, W.E., "Prolegomenon to the Study of Old Aramaic and Ammonite Lapidary Inscriptions," in Hackett, J.//Aufrecht, W.E., , . Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2014. Pp. 100-106. Seals Orthography

Betlyon, J.W., "Northwest Semitic Scripts on Coins," in Hackett, J.//Aufrecht, W.E., “An Eye for Form”: Epigraphic Essays in Honor of Frank Moore Cross, . Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2014. Pp. 352-61. Orthography Coins

Gzella, H., "Language and Script," in Niehr, H., The Aramaeans in Ancient Syria, . Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2014. Pp. 71-108. LangGen Orthography OldAram

Herr, L.G., "Aramaic and Ammonite Seal Scripts," in Hackett, J.//Aufrecht, W.E., , . Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2014. Pp. 175-86. Seals Orthography

Healey, John F., "The Beginnings of Syriac in Context: Language and Script in Early Edessa and in Palmyra." Aram 28 (2016): 463–70. Syriac Palm Orthography

Abudraham, O., "A New Christian Palestinian Aramaic Amulet." Orientalia 86:1 (2017): 97–106. CPA Orthography Amu

Abudraham, O., "On Some Pseudo-Corrections in Early Mandaic Epigraphic Texts." Aula Orientalis 35 (2017): 199–211. Mandaic MandIncant Orthography

Moore, J.D., "Scribal Correction Dots on an Unpublished Elephantine Aramaic Papyrus Fragment." Aramaic Studies 16 (2018): 1–9. Elephantine Orthography

Reymond, Eric, "The scribe of 1QS, 1QSa, 1QSb, 4Q53 (4QSamc), 4Q175 and three features of orthography and phonology." Dead Sea discoveries 25 (2018): 238–54. Qumran Orthography

Häberl, C., "Writing in a Sacred Tongue: Inter-Aramaic Alloglottography." Word 65 (2019): 164–178. Mandaic Orthography

Woodard, R.D., "Vowel Representation in the Archaic Greek and Old Aramaic Scripts: A Comparative Orthographic and Phonological Examination," in Boyes, P.J.//Steele, P.M., Understanding Relations Between Scripts II: Early Alphabets. Oxford and Havertown: Oxbow, 2020. Pp. 91-107. Orthography OldAram

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